Universal Design Principles

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Universal Design is in evolution as a design concept that has moved the barrier-free design movement, begun in 1959, to a level of design responding positively to changing economies and social needs of multiple users. Donna's early practice included the desire to improve the quality of life for all people including persons with disabilities. The courtyard spaces and gardens around group homes Donna has designed have been considered to be healing garden landscapes. Consistently, she has been designing to cater to our human responses to our environment. Such responses can vary with our perceptions of the environment and the purpose of the designs is to enhance alternate senses and seek to produce rich and pleasurable experiences for the multiple user. Her work has evolved, resulting in a leading edge reputation with respect to designs that respond to a new era demanding opportunity, choice, personal empowerment, safety and sustainability.

Universal design incorporates seven principles:

  • Equitable Use
  • Flexibility of Use
  • Simple and Intuitive Use
  • Perceptible Information
  • Tolerance for Error
  • Low Physical Effort
  • Site and Space Approaches

Ribbon of Green: Edge of Blue - PowerPoint Slideshow presentation summarizes Universal Design and its application for accessibility considerations in natural landscapes.


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